General Information

About Florence

Florence, one of the most beautiful and visited art cities in the world, is an open-air museum, placed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List since 1982.
The Historic Centre of Florence attracts millions of tourists each year.
In the fifteenth-century Florence, a self-governed, independent city-state with a population of 60.000, became with its writers, painters, architects, and philosophers the cradle of Renaissance culture; Renaissance shifted mankind into the centre of the known cosmos and man became its measure. With such relevant philosophical and scientific inheritance, with its beautiful Mediterranean climate, good and healthy food, and great shopping Florence it is the ideal place to host the 6th World Landslide Forum in 2023.
Florence’s museums, palaces, and churches house some of the greatest artistic treasures in the world. The most popular and important sites in Florence to visit are the Cathedral, the Baptistery, the Uffizi, the Bargello, the Accademia and the Opera del Duomo. The churches of Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce are veritable art galleries, and the library of San Lorenzo is a magnificent exhibition of Michelangelo’s architectural genius. Here you can wander in some of the oldest streets in the city until you reach the Arno River, cross the Ponte Vecchio and experience the “newest” area of Florence, the Oltrarno. You can also spend a day at the Boboli Gardens or climb the hill to the church of San Miniato al Monte to experience an enchanting view of Florence.
Due to Florence’s artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.


To get the latest update regarding necessary documents to enter or depart from Italy check the Italian Government official siteViaggiare Sicuri and Re-open EU.

VISA requirements

Nationals of some countries will need a travel-visa to enter Italy (and Schengen area).
Participants should contact the Italian Embassy or Consulate in their home country as soon as possible to confirm their travel-visa requirements. It is the sole responsibility of the participant to procure the necessary visa to attend the congress.
Participant should initiate the application process at least 1 to 3 months prior to departure. OIC Group is not able assist participants with their visa application and cannot intervene with Embassies or Consulates on behalf of any participant.
For additional details please visit the following websites:

CIBT visas 
Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Participants are invited to check with their local embassy regarding any Visa requirements to enter Italy.

Letter of Invitation (for Visa Application)

Visa invitation letter can be required during the registration process.
Only participants fully registered in the Meeting can obtain a personal invitation letter.

If requested, relevant expenses for hardcopy of the invitation letter sent by express courier must be paid in advance.
Please note that the visa invitation letter only aims to assist participants who need to obtain a visa or permission to attend the Meeting and it is not a commitment from the organizers to cover any kind of expenses or to provide any financial support. All expenses incurred in relation to the conference remain the sole responsibility of the participant.

If you need additional information, write to: registrationwlf6@oic.it.

Travel Information to Florence

How to Get There

By Air
The international Florence airport “Amerigo Vespucci” (IATA code – FLR) is only 4 km away from the Florence city centre and can be easily reached by taxi or with the ‘tramway”. From February 11th, 2019, the new tramway connection T2 between the Florence airport and the City Centre is operational.
The new tramway service represents a comfortable and ecologic way of connection thanks to the stop close to the airport terminal, to the frequency and to the speed of the rides.
Thanks to the connections with Rome Fiumicino Airport, Milan Malpensa and the main European capitals, Florence is easily connected to the rest of the world. The main car rental companies have their desk inside the airport
The International Airport of Pisa “Galileo Galilei” (IATA code- PSA) is located 80 km from the city centre of Florence and is connected to the Tuscan capital by train (every hour) and by bus (full flight coverage with 18 journeys).
The International Airport of Bologna “Guglielmo Marconi” (IATA code – BLQ) is located 100 km. away from Florence. Bologna city centre is connected to Florence by fast train.

By Train
The main railway station of Santa Maria Novella is located five minutes away on foot from the entrance of the congress center Fortezza da Basso. The other two railway stations (Rifredi and Campo di Marte) are at a ten-minute distance from the central railway Station of Santa Maria Novella, or connected to it through local trains and city buses. The fast trains Freccia Rossa and Freccia Argento connect Florence with Rome in 1,30h, Milan in 1,40h, Venice in 2h, Turin in 3,30 h and many other important Italian cities.

By Car
Florence is well connected with the main italian cities, thanks to the italian motorway network, thus making it easier to get to the city centre, where the congress center is located.

Parking Information

There are several paying parking areas around the Conference Centre the nearest are the parking under the Central Railway Station and the parking under Fortezza da Basso (congress venue).

Local Transportation

Florence is a relatively small city, everything is at walking distance in the city centre.
However an extensive bus and tram transportation net is available.

The construction of the lines began in 2005, and in February 2010 the inauguration of the Florence tramway took place. In 2014, construction of the three currently active lines was completed.
Tram tickets can be bought in the stations themselves, throughout the city.
Trams run through Florence from 5:30 am to midnight; normally they run every three to four minutes during the day, or every twelve minutes at night.
You can see the kinds of tickets, and discounts available here: Florence tickets and travel passes.

Most of the busses stop at the main railway station and therefore near to the convention venue.
Bus tickets can be purchased at most coffee bars and kiosks.
Fares (update August 2022)
Tickets valid 90 minutes: 1,50 € – Tickets on board: 2 €
The tickets are not effective until they are validated into the yellow machines on the bus.
The single ticket is valid for 90 minutes from the moment it is validated.

Getting around the city on taxi is not difficult, but in Italy taxis cannot be flagged down as they pass along the street, taxis are instead “stationed” at special taxi parking stands in most of the major squares in any city and at the airport and they can be requested by phone.

The telephone numbers to dial for calling a taxi are:


Fall is the season for seeing the best of Florence and the landscapes surrounding it. In November daytime temperatures in Florence can be around 15°C (59°F). Rainfalls might often occur, take your umbrella.

Currency and Bank services

The currency in Italy is Euro.
Banks are open from Monday to Friday, generally from 08:30 to 17:00. ATMs (cash machines) can be accessed 24 hours a day. All banks are closed on weekends and on public holidays.
There are plenty of currency exchange offices, banks and cash machines throughout the city.


Electricity in Italy conforms to the European standard of 220V to 230V, with a frequency of 50Hz. Wall outlets typically accommodate plugs with two or three round pins (the latter grounded, the former not).

Firenze Card

The Firenze Card includes tickets and priority access to museums, unlimited bus travel on AT (Autolinee Toscana) buses for the 72 hours the Firenze Card is active. It also grants free admission for those under 18 years of age who are members of the same family unit of the Firenze Card holder and European Union citizens.


Florence is a shopping paradise, all famous fashion designer have their boutique in Via Tornabuoni or in the nearby streets. Business hours in Florence are from Monday to Saturday, usually from 9.30 am to 7.30 pm. Most shops in the city centre have longer opening hours and are usually open on Sundays.


The international dialing code from abroad is +39. For international calls, dial 00 + national code + area code + personal number.

Time zone

Florence is in the Central European Time (CET) time zone.

Useful Links

Florence Airport: https://www.aeroporto.firenze.it/en
Florence Public Transport AT https://www.at-bus.it/en
Florence Tramway https://en.gestramvia.com/
Pisa Airport http://www.pisa-airport.com/en
Bologna Airport www.bologna-airport.it
Trenitalia National Trains Schedule http://www.trenitalia.com/tcom-en
Italo National Trais Schedule https://www.italotreno.it/en
Tourist information http://www.firenzeturismo.it/en
Official Housing Bureau: OIC registrationwlf6@oic.it

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